Who Owns The Internet | How INTERNET Works via Cables



नमस्कार दोस्तों ,

जब हम  इंटरनेट चलाते हैं तो हमारे  मन में सवाल आता होगा कि इंटरनेट कैसे काम करता है इसका मालिक कौन है तो  आज मैं आपको इसी के बारे में बताने वाला हूं इंटरनेट काम कैसे करता है इसका मालिक कौन है ,फिर आपको लगता होगा कि इंटरनेट किसी सेटेलाइट से चलता है या फिर किसी नेटवर्क से चलता है | 99% इंटरनेट fiber optic cable से चलता है जो पूरी दुनिया से कनेक्टेड है तथा पूरी दुनिया को कनेक्ट करने के लिए fiber optic cable समुद्र में बिछाई रखी है |

 

  • fiber optic cable बाल के साइज की होती है तथा एक केबल 100 GBPS की Bandwidth होती है |

 

 

 

  • अब आपके मन में सवाल होगा कि हमारे मोबाइल से तो कोई केबल नहीं जुड़ी हुई तो आपके  मोबाइल का  नेटवर्क किसी टावर से आ रहा है उस टावर से वह सारी fiber optic cable जुडी हुई है |

 

  • अब आपके मन में यह सवाल होगा कि यह fiber optic cable खराब नहीं होती है तो इंटरनेट बंद हो जाएगा तो ऐसा नहीं है क्योंकि जो डेटा जिस  fiber optic cable  से जाना था और वो ख़राब हो गयी तो  उस डाटा को किसी दूसरी केबल से भेज दिया जाता है |

 

  • इन fiber optic cable की वैलिडिटी 25 साल तक होती है 25 साल के बाद इन  fiber optic cable को बदल दिया जाता है |

 

आप तक आते-आते इंटरनेट तीन अलग-अलग कंपनी से होकर गुजरता है –

  • TR1
  • TR2
  • TR3

 

  • TR1 – TR1 वो कंपनी होती है जो पूरी दुनिया में समुद्र में अपनी केबल्स बिछाती है |अगर आपको जानना है कि ऑप्टिकल फाइबर केबल कहां से कहां तक कनेक्टेड है तो आप इस वेबसाइट पर जाकर देख सकते हैं | fiber optic cable को submarine cable  भी कहा जाता है | इंडिया में fiber optic cable का लैंडिंग पॉइंट मुंबई और बहुत सी सिटी में है तथा पूरे भारत में जो इंटरनेट चलता है वह मुंबई के द्वारा चलता है क्योंकि मुंबई से हमारे अलग-अलग नेटवर्क के टावर्स जुड़े हुए  हैं | इंडिया में Tata Communications एक कंपनी है जिसने अपनी जिसने TR1  कंपनियों का काम संभाला हुआ है |

 

www.submarinecablemap.com

 

Who Owns The Internet | How INTERNET Works via Cables

 

तथा जियो की बात करें तो JIO ने एशिया अफ्रीका यूरोप में अपनी खुद की submarine cable   बिछाई हुई है जिनकी speed  40 टेराबाइट है |

 

  • TR2 – TR1 कंपनियों का काम होता है कि एक Country से दूसरी Country को अपने submarine cable से कनेक्ट करना अब TR2 का काम आता है TR2 company , TR1 company के लेंडिंग पॉइंट से अपने देश में  इंटरनेट केबल बिछाती  है | TR2 कंपनियां TR1  कंपनी से 1GBPS के हिसाब से पैसे देती है |

 

  • TR3 – यह वह कंपनी होती है जो TR2 से इंटरनेट खरीद कर हमें देती है |

जब आपकी सिटी में कोई टॉवर लगता  है तो उस टावर की बैंडविड्थ की एक लिमिट होती है अगर उस टावर से बहुत सारे लोग इंटरनेट यूज कर रहे हैं तो  स्पीड आप को कम  मिलेगी अगर कम लोग  यूज कर रहे है तो स्पीड ज्यादा मिलेगी क्योंकि उस टावर की बैंडविथ की  एक लिमिट है उसी बैंडविथ में से उस टावर को सभी मोबाइल तक इंटरनेट पहुंचाना होता है | इसलिए रात में ज्यादा लोग इंटरनेट यूज नहीं करते तो आपको स्पीड अच्छी मिलती है |

 

नीचे दिए गए ग्राफ में आप देख सकते हैं कि किस server से कितना  इंटरनेट यूज होता है –

 

 

इंटरनेट पूरी तरीके से फ्री है खर्चा होता है इनकी मेंटेनेंस का और इन केबल्स के  बिछाने का |

 

 

अगर आप जानना चाहते हैं कि आपका ट्रैफिक का कहां से गुजरता है तो आप Windows  यूज कर रहे हैं तो आप command tracert google.com पर जा कर देख सकते है |

उम्मीद करता हूं आप समझ चुके होंगे कि इंटरनेट कैसे काम करता है इसका मालिक कौन है |

और आपके मन में कोई Question हो तो comment  कर सकते हैं तथा अपने तथा यह जानकारी अपने फ्रेंड्स के साथ शेयर  जरुर करें |

 

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